The APA 6th Style manual specifies the following for the reference list. The word References should appear in bold in upper and lower case and be centred at the top of the page; All reference entries should be double-spaced; All references should be in a hanging indent format. (This means that the first line of each reference is flush against the left margin and the subsequent lines of each reference are indented ) Double-space the rest of the title page. tables: The table body (cells) may be single-spaced, one-and-a-half-spaced, or double-spaced, depending on which is the most effective layout for the information. Double-space the table number, title, and notes Spacing. APA style dictates that the references page should be double-spaced, and that entries should be formatted with a hanging indent. A hanging indent is formatted so that the first line of each entry is at the left margin and subsequent lines in the same entry should be indented Include the title 'References' (one word, beginning with a capital letter, centred, and not in italics: Indent: Hanging indent your references (space bar in 5 - 7 spaces for the second and subsequent lines of each reference) Space between references: In general double-space between references: Ampersand: Use for 2 - 6 authors, use & before the final autho
What spacing should I use for the reference list? This depends on the referencing style you need to use. Check your course details in Learning@Griffith or ask your lecturer if you are unsure. Here is the link to our Referencing guides which show formatting examples for several referencing styles The entire paper, including the title page, body of the paper, references and appendices, should be double-spaced. The bodies of figures and tables are excluded from this rule. Do not add extra line spaces between paragraphs or after a heading Now your list should have all hanging indents, single spacing within references, and a double space between each reference per AU Thesis and Dissertation Guidelines. Remember that if you begin adding new references, just hit the ENTER key one time after each reference entry References is a section label, not a section heading, which means the word should be centred and bolded (APA, 2020, p. 49). If the list only has one entry, title the page Reference. See How Should I Format My References in APA Style? for more information. 3. Double-space references. The references should be double-spaced without extra spaces between references (APA, 2020, p. 303). See How Should I Format My References in APA Style? for more information List works with no author under the first significant word of the title. Indent second and subsequent lines of each entry (5-7 spaces). Use double spacing. Use the centred heading in bold: 'References'
Times New Roman (12pt.) Arial (11pt.) Calibri (11pt.) Georgia (11pt. Apa Reference List Spacing Lacy Apostolos disinfects no shier incapsulates granularly after Trevor creased misanthropically, quite malfeasance. Mercuric Waldemar rhubarb discreetly. Repand Ramon still reinterring: Levantine and whistleable Torrey safeguards quite eternally but undouble her Chatterton defenselessly. Download Apa Reference List Spacing pdf. Download Apa Reference List Spacing. Double-space the list. Do not add any extra spaces between references. Start the first line of each reference at the left margin; indent each subsequent line five spaces (a hanging indent). TIP: Use MS Word function under the Paragraph tab to create this. Put your list in alphabetical order. Alphabetize the list by the first word in the reference, which will typically be the author's last. On the reference page, you list all the sources that you've cited throughout your paper. Place the page, right after the main body and before any appendices. On the first line of the page, write the section label References (in bold and centred). On the second line, start listing your references in alphabetical order
Reference list categories Go to APA referencing factsheet Common referencing information Textual works Use the same spacing as your essay for the reference list (1.5 or double spaced). iv. Start each reference on a new line without a space between each reference item. v. Use hanging indent format for all items in the reference list. Let the computer do the work for you: 1. Highlight your. Spacing after punctuation marks. Insert one space after full stops in a reference list. Use an en dash for page ranges. Use an en dash, not a hyphen, for page ranges, e.g. 21-27. An en dash (-) is wider than a hyphen (-). Do not insert a space before or after the en dash APA Style requires reference lists, not bibliographies. • The reference list begins a new page with the centred heading - References • Double-space all reference entries. * • Reference list entries should be indented half an inch (five to seven spaces) on the second and subsequent lines of the reference list for every entry - a hanging indent is the preferred style. (i.e. entries should. Use double spacing. Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work. For multiple articles by the same author, list the entries in chronological order, from earliest to most recent. Indent second and subsequent lines of each entry using a hanging indent of 5-7 spaces (by pressing Ctrl + T on a PC, or Command (⌘) + T on a Mac). All references in.
How to set-up and cite your sources using APA 7th edition format. How to correctly format your references at the end of your APA style paper. Put in a hanging indent and double space your citations. Give the page the heading References centered at the top of the page. Start your references on a new page after you hav When organizing your references list, you must alphabetize your references. Generally, you will organize by the author's last name. Go letter by letter and ignore spaces, hyphens, punctuation etc. If a work has no author, use the title to alphabetize. You will use the first significant word to alphabetize; this means you skip words like the, a.
APA style, a source is briefly cited within the text of a research paper using the authors surname (family name) and the date of publication. This is known as an in-text citation. A detailed list of all in-text citations is provided at the end of the research paper on a separate page with the word References (in bold) centered at the top of the page. Reference list entries are organized. Use double line spacing throughout the text. Use double line spacing throughout the text, including the title page, abstract, text, headings, block quotations, reference list, table and figure notes, and appendices (APA, 2020, p. 45); extra lines should not be inserted before or after section headings or between paragraphs (APA, 2020, p. 45). For exceptions to double line spacing, please see. APA Format References. A reference list highlights the sources used for collecting information. It credits the authors whose works you have used and quoted to support your main topic. To make the correct APA format references, follow the below guidelines. Mention the heading 'References' on the top. Keep double space between the references. Remove the underlines from web addresses. Always. Entries within annotated bibliographies are ordered alphabetically by the first component of the entry (usually the author). As in MLA, APA reference lists use the letter-by-letter system, which means the order of names is determined by the letters before the commas between surnames and given names (MLA, 170) Listed at the bottom of the relevant page; Assembled altogether on a new page, following the References page(s) If the footnotes are compiled on a separate page, the title Footnotes should be centered at the top of the page. Avoid formatting the title with bold, italics, underlining, or quotation marks. Indent the first line of each.
select a reference that you just formatted by dragging over it with your mouse. Go to Format -> Style. Now select 'New' The selection will default to the format of the text you have selected (your reference), which is correct. Name this something like 'APA Reference', ensuring 'Add to Quick style list' is also selected, and click ok Writing Center staff created this APA checklist to help students remember the basics of APA citations, reference lists, and style. It is not meant to be comprehensive, but students should use it as a reminder of the various APA rules that academic papers follow. If students are not sure what a particular item in the checklist refers to or entails, they should follow the link for more.
The APA Style format for author names in reference list entries is to provide the author's surname(s) followed by the initials of their given name(s). Example: Lee, C. L. (2017). In the in-text citation, provide only the surname(s) along with the year. (Note: The author's full name can be included in the in-text citation in limited circumstances, such as if the author is famous or if the. The reference list should be double spaced; however, there should not be an extra space between references. More Information For more information about formatting the reference list, see Sect. 2.12 on pages 39-40 and Section 9.43 on page 303 of the APA Manual, 7th edition
Use double-spacing for the entire page. Center the title, References, in bold one inch from the top of the page. Begin list of works cited on the next line. Arrange cited works in alphabetical order by author. Start each citation flush with the left margin. Indent subsequent lines one-half inch (hanging indent). 7. Include all sources cite Use double spacing. Note that all references in APA end with a full stop except when the reference ends with a URL or a DOI. Journal article. A basic reference list entry for a journal article in APA must include: Author or authors. The surname is followed by first initials. Year of publication of the article (in round brackets). Article title. Journal title (in italics). Volume of journal (in. Each in-text citation and the related reference list entry should be identical in spelling and year. A work is listed only once in the reference list, regardless of how many times it is cited in your work. All citations should be listed in the reference list, with the exception of personal communications and classical works. The four basic elements of a reference list entry in APA style are. APA Style requires reference lists, not bibliographies. The reference list begins on a new page. The heading References is centred at the top of the page in bold type. Double-space all reference entries (to assist with printing, reference examples shown in this guide are single spaced, with the exception of the Sample Reference List at the end of the guide). The first line of every reference. In APA, the Works Cited page is referred to as a Reference List or Reference Page. Bibliography also may be used interchangeably, even though there are some differences between the two. If you are at the point in your article or research paper where you are looking up APA bibliography format, then congratulations! That means you're almost done. In this guide, you will.
APA STYLE SAMPLE REFERENCE PAGE 1 Prepared by Susan Lester, Center for Academic Excellence, Saint Joseph College, August 2009 Sample Reference Page Following is a sample reference page constructed according to the sixth edition of the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association. Please note that, although this list includes formatting for a listing for a Wikipedia article. Video: Authors in an APA Reference; Reference List - Video Tutorials More APA Help Toggle Dropdown. Sample Papers Zotero Noodletools Websites About APA APA Video Tutorials Books About APA Annotated Bibliographies About Plagiarism; References: Author/Authors. One Author Format. Last name, First initial(s). Examples. Follett, K. (2020). The evening and the morning. Viking. Kendi, I. X. (2019. A short little video that shows you how to correct errors in an APA reference list and use hanging indent . Use a hanging indent for all references, meaning that the first line of each reference is flush left and subsequent lines are indented by 0.5 inch. Put your list in alphabetical order. Alphabetize the list by the first word in the citation. In most cases, the first word.
APA Spacing and Indentation. Upon completion of this lesson, you will be able to apply rules of spacing and indentation within paragraphs and references following APA guidelines. The APA guidelines for spacing encompass margin widths, line spacing, and spacing with punctuation. Indentation refers to the way paragraphs are indented from the left margin. Reference Location(s) in the APA Manual. The reference list should start on a new page and the word References should be centered at the top of the page (see the sample reference list at the end of this document). All reference entries should be double-spaced (the examples used throughout this handout are single spaced due to space limitations). APA uses a hanging-indent format - the first line of each entry is flush left and. Sample Reference List. Now that you have seen how to draft individual citations for an APA reference page, you need to see how to put them together. As is standard for all bibliographies, you alphabetize the sources. Using the sources above, we will create an APA reference page. References. Chemaly, S. (2014, December 8). 50 actual facts about.
Reference list: A reference list contains details only of those works cited in the text of the document. (e.g. book, journal article, pamphlet, internet site, cassette tape or film). These details must include sufficient detail so that others may locate and consult your references. A reference list should appear at the end of your essay/report with the entries listed numerically and in the. . There are no additional spaces/lines between the entries. [Refer example reference list in this box.] References cited in text must appear in the reference list and vice versa. The only exceptions to this rule.
Every entry in an APA reference list has a hanging indent. This means that every line after the first is moved a few spaces to the right. The entries are in alphabetical order according to the first author listed. See order of entries below for details. Different types of source have different formats, and everything about each entry (from the punctuation to the capitalisation of words) is. APA uses three different typefaces for preparing statistical symbols and mathematical copy in always leave a space before and after the equal sign, the greater-than sign, the greater-than-or-equal sign, the less-than sign, and the less-than-or-equal sign, e.g. t(75) = 2.14, n = 9, p < .001 Note: Never insert statistical symbols or other special characters as images as this would cause. General notes on APA style. APA Style is based on the author-date system which requires citations to appear in two places in your essay: in the body of your text (in-text citations).in the reference list (at the end of your paper).; For guidelines on avoiding undercitation and overcitation see APA's Appropriate level of citation or consult the guide directly (Section 8.1, pp. 253-256)
APA Referencing Basics: Reference List. A reference list is a complete list of references used in a piece of writing including the author name, date of publication, title and more. An APA reference list must: Be on a new page at the end of the document. Be centred. Be alphabetically by name of first author (or title if the author isn't known, in this case a, an and the should be ignored) If. Images in an APA Reference List. As with any source, if you have used images made by someone else in your work, you must include them in the reference list at the end of your document. If you have taken the image in question from another print source (e.g. a diagram from a journal article), simply list the print source. However, if you have found an image online, the format is a little.
APA recommends a sans serif font such as 11-point Calibri, 11-point Arial, or 10-point Lucida Sans Unicode or a serif font such as 12-point Times New Roman, 11-point Georgia, or normal (10 point) Computer Modern. Line Spacing - Double space throughout the entire document, including the title page, reference. list, and block quotations. There. This video will go through how to format a reference list page and use a hanging indent; the four different elements of a reference list entry; and how to re.. The reference page be placed at the end of your paper and should be formatted according to APA style. References should be listed in alphabetical order by the author's last name and first initial. The word References should appear at the top of the page, centered. If the reference is long and takes up more than one line, every line after the first should be indented 10 spaces. The references. Before submitting your manuscript to a journal or publisher, be sure to use our free APA citation generator for your references and in-text citations. APA Citation Rules: The Basics . Order and structure of in-text citation content . When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation. Write the author's last name and publication year for the source in parentheses.
APA formatted reference list beginning on own page. References centered and bolded at top of page; Entries listed in alphabetical order; Annotations begin under its associated reference; Annotations are indented 0.5 inches from the left margin; The entire document is double spaced; no extra space between entries; Example of an annotated bibliography entry: Writing an Annotation. An an n otated. Note: KPU Library has transitioned to the 7th edition of the APA style as of January 2020. Quick Guide from APA (book, article, book chapter only). APA citation style is often used for papers in the Social Sciences (e.g. sociology, psychology and criminology). It uses parenthetical citations for in-text references and a reference list at the end of the paper APA (2020) recommends the use of double spacing for the entire paper, including the title page, abstract, text, headings, block quotations, reference list, table and figure notes, and appendices (p. 45). Exceptions may include the table body and figure image, footnotes, and displayed equations (APA, 2020, Section 2.21) Then you will need to use APA format to organize your paper and list the references you used. If you've never used this format before, you may find that it is quite a bit different from some of the writing styles and guidelines you have used in the past. While it might take a while to get used to, learning how to write an APA paper is a useful skill that will serve you well whether you are a.
Double spacing refers to the amount of space between the lines within your Word document. For most of your college papers, double spacing is a requirement, and a part of APA formatting. Follow these steps to learn how to double space properly: Select the paragraphs you want to double space. To select all of your text, use the keyboard short Ctrl+a Use the title in place of the author in text and in the reference list. If the title is italicised in the reference list, italicise it for the in-text reference. If it is not italicised, place in quotation marks for the in-text reference. Like this In Text (Title or Journal or Book or Report, Year) (Title of Article or Chapter or Webpage, Year) Examples: (HIV/AIDS Resources, 2004. The bibliography/reference list is presented at the end of the essay using single line-spacing (as shown on page 11 of this guide), and is excluded from the word-count of the essay. References should be placed in alphabetical order by surname of author/s
The APA citation style (6th Edition) is a parenthetical author-date style, so you need to put the author's last name and the publishing date into parentheses wherever another source is used in the narrative.. The APA format consists of in-text citations and a reference list, along with guidelines for formatting the paper itself The APA (American Psychological Association) referencing style is the most common style in use at UTS. APA covers all subject areas, and is widely used by many academic journals, textbooks, and universities around the world. It is currently in its 7th edition and is usually referred to as APA 7th . The Bible must now be included in the reference list and its citations must include the editor's details and year (section 8.28); there are also new rules for.
Change APA reference list to single space. jillchesley. August 17, 2013. Hi all, Sorry if this is elsewhere - couldn't find it. I want to change my APA reference list to single spaced. Zotero is double spacing it (as it should for APA), but my thesis advisor wants it single spaced. How can I do this? If edit in the word document,save and close, it just opens back as double spaced again. And. For each author-date citation in the text, there must be a corresponding entry in the reference list under the same name and date. An author-date citation in running text or at the end of a block quotation consists of the last (family) name of the author, followed by the year of publication of the work in question. In this context, author may refer not only to one or more authors or an. The word References is capitalized and centered, but not bolded The list is doubled spaced First line of each citation is flush left. Use the Hanging Indent in MS Word to indent subsequent lines five spaces. List is arranged alphabetically by the first word of each entry— typically the surname of the lead author or the authoring. Double-space all references. Italicize longer works such as books and journals. List references in chronological order with the oldest reference appearing first, and working your way up to the most recent one when the same author is cited multiple times for different works. Use a hanging indentation for each reference: the first line of the reference should be flush left, but each additional. When creating your APA reference page, do not forget to list down even the non-print sources such as interviews or documentaries. There are specific rules for each source so it is important to identify the type of material you used to determine which formatting rules apply. Admittedly, this is a bit more tedious than doing a non-APA reference page but this is something that can be done with a.
APA Contents Introduction to APA style. In-Text Citations . Abbreviations spacing and capitalising. In the Reference List the page numbers of newspaper articles must be preceded by p. or pp. If the article is printed on more than one page give all the page numbers separated by a comma. In cases where a print publication publishes an 'online only' article on their website, treat it as an. APA Common Citations & References (7th Ed.) PDF The American Psychological Association (APA) established writing and documentation guidelines in 1929, so readers could easily understand the major points and findings in scientific research. Today, APA Style is used across the disciplines as a standard style for academic and professional writing Note that if you are formatting the references for APA, you can use this dialogue box to double space also - click the drop down arrow under Line Spacing. Links & Files. How do I format the running head in my essay? How do you double space a reference list? How do I format my essay in APA style? How do I format my assignment? What is a title page for APA style and what is the correct. APA 6th Edition. When referencing books and reports (non-periodicals), give the location (city and state or, if outside the United States, city and country) where the publisher is located as noted on the title page (American Psychological Association, 2010, p. 186). Abbreviate American states and territories to their two-letter form; click here to be taken to the United States Postal.
An annotated bibliography is a type of student paper in which reference list entries are followed bibliographies can also constitute one element of a research paper in fields that require bibliographies rather than reference lists. Most APA Style guidelines are applicable to annotated bibliographies (margins, font, line spacing, etc.). In general, it is not necessary to cite the work being. APA 6th Edition (scroll down for APA 7th Edition) When formatting a document according to the APA Style rules, include a reference list rather than a bibliography or a works cited page (American Psychological Association [APA], 2010, p. 180). All recoverable resources cited in the text must be included in the reference list (p. 180); likewise. similar to apa reference list spacing between the volume numbers are typically numbers are in the online version. Understanding the apa citation list spacing between initials helps the url. Acceptance of the apa list spacing initials should be alphabetized by the most recent year that trips up some writers is the apa. Print version or a citation list spacing between the apa style, doi if a few.
Quick Rules for an APA Reference List Your research paper ends with a list of all the sources cited in the text of the paper. Here are nine quick rules for this Reference list. Start a new page for your Reference list. Centre the title, References, at the top of the page. Double-space the list. Start the first line of each reference at the left margin; indent each subsequent line five spaces. APA - Referencing Guide Reference List Entries. APA Style; In Text Citation Toggle Dropdown. Citing in the Text Citation Methods Citation Examples Citing Electronic Documents Citing Images Citing Personal Communications Citing Secondary Sources Reference List Entries Toggle Dropdown. Assignments A-V Materials Book Chapters Books Conference Papers Datasets E-books E-journals Electronic.
in the reference list (at the end of your paper). To introduce other people's ideas in text, use the following examples: Richardson argues, refers to, explains, hypothesizes, compares, concludes; As Littlewood and Sherwin demonstrated, proved etc. If there is no date of publication, use the abbreviation (n.d.). List two or more works by different authors who are cited within the same. Line spacing in the reference list should be set to double (2.0). Alphabetizing. When organizing your references list, you must alphabetize your references. Generally, you will organize by the author's last name. Go letter by letter and ignore spaces, hyphens, punctuation etc. If a work has no author, use the title to alphabetize. You will use the first significant word to alphabetize; this.
Each reference in your list will need to be set out using APA style. The reference list is: • in alphabetical order; • in double line spacing; and • formatted with a hanging indent. For more guidance, see Appendix H: Check your reference list References Association of Superannuation Funds of Australia. (2014). Spending patterns of older. style requires double spacing throughout (e.g. text, references, etc.) APA RULES FOR THE REFERENCE LIST - The following sections show some of the more commonly used APA citation rules. NOTE: All citations must be in the hanging indent format with the first line flush to the left margin and all other lines indented. Single spaces are placed after all punctuation (periods, commas, etc.) in the. In APA style a References page (also known as a Reference List page) is a separate page at the end of your paper that includes all of the sources that you've cited throughout your paper. Usually it is a single page of references, alphabetized by author. It includes all of the essential information to guide the reader back to a specific source to find additional information
Note too that (unlike in the abstract) the first line of each paragraph is indented one tab space. References List. Finally, don't forget to cite your sources: For more details, please visit our page on formatting the reference list. Section Headings. APA papers are often divided into sections. If you'd like to organize your material with headings, you can choose from a number of different. If you cite two authors with the same last name, APA requires the first initial so that the authors are not ambiguous: If a reference list includes publications by two or more primary authors with the same surname, include the first author's initials in all text citations, even if the year of publication differs. (p. 176
Line Spacing: Double line spacing should be used throughout the assignment and on the reference list with no additional spaces between paragraphs, assignment 'sections' or listed references. New paragraphs or sections are indicated by indenting of the first line of each new paragraph (see presentation formatting exemplar). Indenting: Each new paragraph should be indented 5-7 spaces (or one. When using APA format, follow the author-date method of in-text citation for reasons stated at the beginning of this style guide. This means that the author's last name and the year of publication for the source should appear in the text. Complete reference information should appear in the References list at the end of the manuscript Double space. Alphabetize the list of references by the last name of the authors. If the work has no author or editor, alphabetize the work by the first word of the title (excluding A, An, or The). 2. In-Text Citations: The Basics. What follows are some general guidelines for referring to the works of others in your essay. Note: APA style requires authors to use the past tense or present.